Alaska, northwest of Canada, is the largest and most sparsely populated U.S. state. It's known for its diverse terrain of open spaces, mountains and forests, with abundant wildlife and many small towns. It’s a destination for outdoor activities like skiing, mountain biking and kayaking. Massive Denali National Park is home to Denali (formerly called Mount McKinley), North America’s highest peak.
State Capital: Juneau.
The name Alaska is stemmed from the Aleut alaxsxa or alaxsxi, both implying "mainland" or "great land." Undoubtedly, Alaska has an enormous area and a terrific range of physical attributes. Aside from its mainland peninsula, the state includes about 15,000 square miles (38,800 square km) of inlets and fjords and about 34,000 miles (54,400 km) of indented tidal coastline. In addition, most of the continental shelf of the United States lies along Alaska's coast. In the Alaska Range north of Anchorage is Mount McKinley, 20,320 feet (6,194 meters) high-- the highest peak in North America. Nearly one-third of the state lies within the Arctic Circle, and about four-fifths of Alaska is underlain by permafrost (completely frozen sediment and rock). Tundra-- the vast, treeless Arctic plains-- makes up about one-half of the state. The southern coast and the panhandle at sea level are completely temperate areas. In these and in the adjoining Canadian areas, however, lies the world's biggest stretch of glacial ice outside of Greenland and Antarctica. Rimming the state on the south is among Earth's most active earthquake belts, the circum-Pacific seismic belt. Alaska has more than 130 active volcanoes, most of which are on the Aleutian Islands and the nearby Alaska Peninsula. The Alaska earthquake of 1964 was one of the most powerful earthquakes recorded in the United States.
Upon obtaining statehood, Alaska increased the size of the United States by nearly one-fifth. Its settlement and development have actually been prevented by its distance from the rest of the United States and by climatic and geographical impediments for travel and communications; Alaska continues to be the country's last frontier.
Nearly one-third of the state lies within the Arctic Circle, and about four-fifths of Alaska is underlain by permafrost (completely frozen sediment and rock). Alaska has more than 130 active volcanoes, many of which are on the Aleutian Islands and the nearby Alaska Peninsula. The Alaska earthquake of 1964 was one of the most powerful earthquakes tape-recorded in the United States.
The Main Cities in Alaska
Below are the largest cities in the state of Alaska and the number of people inhabiting them according to the 2010 national census:
1. Anchorage - 298,192
2. Fairbanks - 31,324
3. Juneau - 30,987
4. College - 11,800
5. Sitka - 8,986
6. Ketchikan - 7,410
Famous Landmarks in Alaska
- Denali National Park includes 6 million acres of Alaska's wilderness and is home to many different kinds of wildlife, breathtaking landscapes, and Denali, the highest mountain peak in North America, with an elevation of 20,237 feet.
Tallest Buildings in Alaska
- Construction on the Conoco-Phillips Building was finished in 1983 and it remains Alaska’s tallest building. Located in Anchorage, it is 22 stories and 296 feet tall.
Below are the tallest buildings in Alaska:
1. Conoco-Phillips Building (22 stories; 296 feet)
2. Robert B. Atwood Building (20 stories; 265 feet)
3. Hilton Anchorage East Tower (21 stories; 243 feet)
4. JL Tower (14 stories; 226 feet)
5. Frontier Building (14 stories; 219 feet)
The majesty of natural stone is perhaps best expressed by the magnificence of the stone castles of England. Inspired by the rustic appeal of natural stone, we wondered if the material could be used to make functional and beautiful grates.
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